FTC Bibliography

Students of the Commission are probably familiar with Robert V. Larabee’s The Federal Trade Commission: A Guide to Sources. My bibliography builds upon Larabee, and includes everything I could find on the FTC’s consumer protection and privacy missions. There are also some difficult to find resources, such as the memo George Rublee used to lobby the FTC Act, and many out of print works.

I have an EndNote version as well–just email me for access.

Bibliography: Books, Articles, Reports, and Other Materials

David A. Aaker & George S. Day, A Guide to Consumerism, in Consumerism: Search for the Consumer Interest (David A. Aaker & George S. Day eds., 1974) http://www.worldcat.org/title/guide-to-consumerism/oclc/83861253&referer=brief_results.

David A. Aaker & John G. Myers, Advertising Management 43-44 (1975) http://www.worldcat.org/title/advertising-management/oclc/1177143&referer=brief_results.

ABA, Report of the ABA Commission to Study the Federal Trade Commission. (1969) http://www.worldcat.org/title/report-of-the-aba-commission-to-study-the-federal-trade-commission/oclc/24489162&referer=brief_results.

Gabriel Abend, The Moral Background: An Inquiry Into the History of Business Ethics (2013) http://www.worldcat.org/title/moral-background-an-inquiry-into-the-history-of-business-ethics/oclc/857863394&referer=brief_results.

Alessandro Acquisti, et al., Review: Privacy and human behavior in the age of information, 347 Science 509 (2015) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25635091.

Alessandro Acquisti & Christina M. Fong, An experiment in hiring discrimination via online social networks (2013) http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2031979.

Alessandro Acquisti & Jens Grossklags, What Can Behavioral Economics Teach Us about Privacy?, in Digital Privacy: Theory, Technologies, and Practices (2007) http://www.heinz.cmu.edu/~acquisti/papers/Acquisti-Grossklags-Chapter-Etrics.pdf.

Alessandro Acquisti, et al., The Economics of Privacy, J. Econ. Lit (2015) http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2580411.

Samuel Hopkins Adams, The Patent Medicine Conspiracy Against The Freedom of the Press, Collier’s, Nov. 4, 1905. 1905, http://www.worldcat.org/title/the-patent-medicine-conspiracy-against-the-freedom-of-the-press/oclc/4808193307&referer=brief_results.

Administrative Conference of the United States, Hybrid Rulemaking Procedures of the Federal Trade Commission, Recommendation Number 79–1. (1979) https://www.acus.gov/recommendation/hybrid-rulemaking-procedures-federal-trade-commission.

Advertising Age, FTC Drops 70% of its Cases to Untie Hands, 40 Advertising Age 1 26 (1969).

Advertising Age, FTC Tells FCC it Supports ‘Counter’ Ads, Jan. 10, 1972. 1972.

Identity Theft, Hearings before the House Subcommittees on Telecommunications Commerce, Trade, and Consumer Protection and on Environment and Hazardous Materials of the House Committee on Commerce.    (1999).

George J. Alexander, Honesty and Competition: False-Advertising Law and Policy Under FTC Administration (1967) http://www.jstor.org/stable/3479276?seq=1 – page_scan_tab_contents.

Anita L. Allen, Unpopular Policy (2011) http://www.worldcat.org/title/unpopular-privacy-what-must-we-hide/oclc/683247689&referer=brief_results.

Altaweel & et al., Hacking Your Way to the Top: Online Pharmacies in Highly-Ranked Organic Search Results (2015).

Newspaper Association of America, Comments of the Newspaper Association of America, In the Matter of Rules and Regulations Implementing the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991. (2002).

American Bankers Association, Task Force on Responsible Use and Protection of Customer Information, Voluntary Guidelines for Responsible Use and Protection of Customer Information. (n.d.).

American Bar Association, Report of the ABA Commission to Study the Federal Trade Commission (1969).

American Enterprise Institute, A Conversation with Michael Pertschuk (1979) http://www.worldcat.org/title/conversation-with-michael-pertschuk-held-on-january-11-1979-at-the-american-enterprise-institute-for-public-policy-research-washington-dc/oclc/5824256&referer=brief_results.

American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, AT Section 101 Attest Engagements (2014) http://pcaobus.org/Standards/Attestation/Pages/AT101.aspx.

American Psychological Association, Report of the APA Task Force on Advertising and Children (2004) http://www.apa.org/pi/families/resources/advertising-children.pdf.

American Teleservices Association, Comments of the American Teleservices Association on the Review of the Telemarketing Sales Rule 10 (2000) http://www.slideshare.net/Shelly38/american-teleservices-association-ata.

Dean Anason, In Focus: All of A Sudden, Customer Privacy Is Reform Bill Thorn, American Banker Jun. 14, 1999. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-54875606.html.

David A. Anderson & et al., Characterizing Internet Scam Hosting Infrastructure (2007) http://www.worldcat.org/title/spamscatter-characterizing-internet-scam-hosting-infrastructure/oclc/146536488&referer=brief_results.

David A. Anderson & Jonathan Winer, Corrective Advertising: The FTC’s New Formula for Effective Relief, 50 Tex. L. Rev. 312 (1971).

Ross Anderson, Why Information Security Is Hard – An Economic Perspective (2001) https://www.acsac.org/2001/papers/110.pdf.

Julia Angwin & Jennifer Valentino DeVries, Google’s iPhone Tracking, Wall St. J., Feb. 17, 2012. http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052970204880404577225380456599176.

Anti-Spyware Working Group, Anti-Spyware Coalition Definitions Document (2007) http://www.antispywarecoalition.org/documents/.

Arthur Applbaum, Mike Pertshuck and the Federal Trade Commission, Kennedy School of Government Case Program C16-81-387O (1981).

Arthur Applbaum, Mike Pertshuck and the Federal Trade Commission: Sequel, Kennedy School of Government Case Program C16-81-387S (1981).

Judy Areen, et al., The Consumer and The Federal Trade Commission (The Nader Report). 115 Cong. Rec., pt. 1539 (1969) http://www.worldcat.org/title/nader-report-on-the-federal-trade-commission/oclc/45915&referer=brief_results.

Philippe Ariés & Georges Duby, A History of Private Life (Philippe Ariés & Georges Duby eds. 1987) http://www.worldcat.org/title/history-of-private-life/oclc/13861052&referer=brief_results.

Associated Press, Sisters Banned from Filenne’s Basement Stores, Jul. 14, 2003. http://old.chronicle.augusta.com/stories/2003/07/14/biz_381087.shtml.

Association Management Magazine, The Aggressive New Chairman at FTC, Nov. 1973.

Carl A. Auerbach, Administrative Conference of the United States, Report on the Internal Organization and Procedure of the Federal Trade Commission (1962) http://www.worldcat.org/title/report-on-the-internal-organization-and-procedure-of-the-federal-trade-commission/oclc/48929105&referer=brief_results.

Neil Averitt, Viewing Consumer Abuses as Crimes, FTC:WATCH July 30, 2015. 2015.

Ian Ayers & Matthew Funk, Marketing Privacy: A Solution for the Blight of Telemarketing (and Spam and Junk Mail), 20 Yale J. on Reg. 77 (2003) http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers/1243/.

Michael Backes, et al., ObliviAd: Provably Secure and Practical Online Behavioral Advertising (2012) http://sps.cs.uni-saarland.de/publications/obliviad.pdf.

William J. Baer, At the Turning Point: The Commission in 1978, in Marketing and Advertising Regulation: The Federal Trade Commission in the 1990s (Patrick E. Murphy & William L. Wilkie eds., 1990) http://www.worldcat.org/title/marketing-and-advertising-regulation-the-federal-trade-commission-in-the-1990s/oclc/21333210&referer=brief_results.

Patricia P. Bailey & Michael Pertschuk, The Law of Deception: the Past as Prologue, 33 Am. U. L. Rev. 849 (Summer 1984) http://amulrev.org/pdfs/33/33-4/bailey_pertschuk.pdf.

Eugene R. Baker & Daniel J. Baum, Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act: A Continuing Process of Redefinition, 7 Vill. L. Rev. 517 (1962) http://digitalcommons.law.villanova.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3242&context=vlr.

Dan Balsam & Timothy Walton, Balsam v. Trancos Inc., Trial Lawyer 14 (Summer 2012) http://law.justia.com/cases/california/court-of-appeal/2012/a128485.html.

Kenneth A. Bamberger & Deirdre K. Mulligan, Privacy on the Books and on the Ground, 63 Stan. L. Rev. 247, 257 (2010) http://scholarship.law.berkeley.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2305&context=facpubs.

Kenneth A. Bamberger & Deirdre K. Mulligan, Privacy on the Books and on the Ground, 63 Stan. L. Rev. 247 (2011) http://www.stanfordlawreview.org/print/article/privacy-books-and-ground.

Kenneth A. Bamberger & Deirdre K. Mulligan, Privacy on the Ground: Driving Corporate Behavior in the United States and Europe (2015) http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/907512670.

Howard Beales, III, The FTC in the 1980s, in Marketing and Advertising Regulation: The Federal Trade Commission in the 1990s (Patrick E. Murphy & William L. Wilkie eds., 1990) http://www.worldcat.org/title/marketing-and-advertising-regulation-the-federal-trade-commission-in-the-1990s/oclc/21333210&referer=brief_results.

Howard Beales, III, Advertising to Kids & the FTC: A Regulatory Retrospective That Advises the Present (2004) https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/public_statements/advertising-kids-and-ftc-regulatory-retrospective-advises-present/040802adstokids.pdf.

Howard Beales, III, et al., The Efficient Regulation of Consumer Information, 24 J. L. & Econ. 491 (1981) http://www.jstor.org/stable/725275?seq=1 – page_scan_tab_contents.

Howard Beales, III, et al., In Defense of the Pfizer Factors (2012) http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2087776.

Beem & L. Isaacson, Schizophrenia in Trading Stamp Analysis, 41 The J. of Bus. 340 (1968) http://www.jstor.org/stable/2351691.

Carolyn Shaw Bell, Liberty and Property, and No Stamps, 40 The J. of Bus. 194 (1967) http://www.jstor.org/stable/2351988.

Randy Bellows, A Failing Agency: The Federal Trade Commission, Kennedy School of Government Case Program, C14-76-099.0 (1976).

Omri Ben-Shahar & Carl E. Schneider, More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure (2014) http://www.worldcat.org/title/more-than-you-wanted-to-know-the-failure-of-mandated-disclosure/oclc/874562947&referer=brief_results.

Colin J. Bennett, Convergence Revisited: Toward a Global Policy for the Protection of Personal Data?, in Technology and Privacy: The New Landscape (Philip E. Agre & Marc Rotenberg eds., 1997) http://www.researchgate.net/publication/239483397_Convergence_Revisited_Toward_a_Global_Policy_for_the_Protection_of_Personal_Data.

Colin J. Bennett & Charles D. Raab, The Governance of Privacy (2006) http://www.worldcat.org/title/governance-of-privacy-policy-instruments-in-global-perspective/oclc/50715585&referer=brief_results.


Gerald Berk, Louis D. Brandeis and the Making of Regulated Competition, 1900-1932 (2009) http://www.worldcat.org/title/louis-d-brandeis-and-the-making-of-regulated-competition-1900-1932/oclc/269282078&referer=brief_results.

Jodie Z. Bernstein, Letter from Jodie Bernstein, Director, FTC Bureau of Consumer Protection, to Kathryn C. Montgomery, President, Center for Media Education. (1997).

Joan Z. Bernstein, Oral History Project, The Historical Society of the District of Columbia Circuit (2007) http://dcchs.org/oralhistory.asp.

Samuel J. Best & et al., Privacy in the Information Age, 70 Pub. Opinion Q. 375 (2006) http://poq.oxfordjournals.org/content/70/3/375.abstract.

David O. Bickart, Civil Penalties under Section 5(m) of the Federal Trade Commission Act, 44 U. Chi. L. Rev. 761 (1977) http://www.jstor.org/stable/1599211.

Francesca Bignami, European Versus American Liberty: A Comparative Privacy Analysis of Antiterrorism Data Mining, 48 B. C. L. Rev. 609 (2007) http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2305&context=faculty_scholarship.

Mikhail Bilenko, et al., Targeted, Not Tracked: Client-Side Solutions for Privacy-Friendly Behavioral Advertising, TPRC (2011) http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1995127.

Edwin Black, IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America’s Most Powerful Corporation (2000) http://www.worldcat.org/title/ibm-and-the-holocaust-the-strategic-alliance-between-nazi-germany-and-americas-most-powerful-corporation/oclc/45896166&referer=brief_results.

Thomas Blaisdell, The Federal Trade Commission: An Experiment in the Control of Business 261 (1932) http://www.worldcat.org/title/federal-trade-commission-an-experiment-in-the-control-of-business/oclc/3135664&referer=brief_results.

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Report to the Congress on Further Restrictions on Unsolicited Written Offers of Credit and Insurance (2004) http://www.federalreserve.gov/boarddocs/rptcongress/UnsolicitedCreditOffers2004.pdf.

Thomas L. Bohen, An Analysis of the Formal and Informal Enforcement Procedures of the Federal Trade Commission As Devices for Restraining Unfair Methods of Competition and Unfair and Deceptive Business Practices (1971) (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota) http://www.worldcat.org/title/analysis-of-the-formal-and-informal-enforcement-procedures-of-the-federal-trade-commission-as-devices-for-restraining-unfair-methods-of-competition-and-unfair-and-deceptive-business-practices/oclc/17903783&referer=brief_results.

Robert M. Bond & et al., A 61-million-person experiment in social influence and political mobilization, 489 Nature 295 (2012) http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v489/n7415/full/nature11421.html.

David Boorstin, The Republic of Technology (1978).

Paulina Borsook, Cyberselfish: A Critical Romp Through the Terribly Libertarian Culture of High-Tech (2000) http://www.worldcat.org/title/cyberselfish-a-critical-romp-through-the-terribly-libertarian-culture-of-high-tech/oclc/43481694&referer=brief_results.

David M. Boush, et al., Deception In The Marketplace: The Psychology of Deceptive Persuasion and Consumer Self-Protection (2009) http://www.worldcat.org/title/deception-in-the-marketplace-the-psychology-of-deceptive-persuasion-and-consumer-self-protection/oclc/431425771.

Danah Boyd, It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens (2014) http://www.worldcat.org/title/its-complicated-the-social-lives-of-networked-teens/oclc/855977551&referer=brief_results.

Danah Boyd, et al., How the COPPA, as Implemented, Is Misinterpreted by the Public: A Research Perspective. (2010) https://cyber.law.harvard.edu/publications/2010/COPPA_Implemented_Is_Misinterpreted_by_Public.

Barry B. Boyer, Funding Public Participation in Agency Proceedings: The Federal Trade Commission Experience, 70 Georgetown L. Rev. 51 (1981) http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/glj70&div=9&id=&page=.

Louis D. Brandeis, The Inefficiency of the Oligarchs, Harper’s Weekly Jan. 17, 1914.

Elsa Brenner, Child Abuse On Internet Heightens Vigilance, N. Y. Times, Apr. 19, 1998. http://www.nytimes.com/1998/04/19/nyregion/child-abuse-on-internet-heightens-vigilance.html.

Danny A. Bring, The Origins of the Federal Trade Commission Act: A Public Choice Approach (1993) (Ph.D. dissertation, George Mason University) http://www.worldcat.org/title/origins-of-the-federal-trade-commission-act-a-public-choice-approach/oclc/28705301&referer=brief_results.

Jennifer Brooks, et al., Corporation for Enterprise Development, Excluded from the Financial Mainstream (2015) http://assetsandopportunity.org/assets/pdf/2015_Scorecard_Report.pdf.

Finn Brunton, Spam: A Shadow History of the Internet (2013) http://www.worldcat.org/title/spam-a-shadow-history-of-the-internet/oclc/838102023&referer=brief_results.

Herbert Burkert, Four Myths About Regulating in the Information Society – A Comment, in Starting Points for ICT Regulation (Bert-Jaap Koops, et al. eds., 2006) http://www.worldcat.org/title/starting-points-for-ict-regulation-deconstructing-prevalent-policy-one-liners/oclc/71173993&referer=brief_results.

Business Wire, Largest Database Marketing Firm Sends Phone Numbers, Addresses of 5,000 Families with Kids to TV Reporter Using Name of Child Killer, Bus. Wire May 13, 1996. 1996, https://epic.org/privacy/kids/KCBS_News.html.

Lee Andrew Bygrave, Data Privacy Law: An International Perspective (2014) http://www.worldcat.org/title/data-privacy-law-an-international-perspective/oclc/870096682&referer=brief_results.

Lee A. Bygrave, Internet Governance by Contract,   (2015) http://www.worldcat.org/title/internet-governance-by-contract/oclc/886743530&referer=brief_results.

John H. Calfee, Fear of Persuasion (1997) http://www.worldcat.org/title/fear-of-persuasion-a-new-perspective-on-advertising-and-regulation/oclc/37560131&referer=brief_results.

Stephen Calkins, Kirkpatrick II: Counsel Responds, in Marketing and Advertising Regulation: The Federal Trade Commission in the 1990s (Patrick E. Murphy & William L. Wilkie eds., 1990) http://www.worldcat.org/title/marketing-and-advertising-regulation-the-federal-trade-commission-in-the-1990s/oclc/21333210&referer=brief_results.

Ryan Calo, Digital Market Manipulation, 82 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 995 (2014) http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2309703.

Fred H. Cate, Principles of Internet Privacy, 32 Conn. L. Rev. 877 (2000) http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=933087.

Fred H. Cate, et al., Financial Privacy, Consumer Prosperity, and the Public Good (AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies. 2003) http://www.worldcat.org/title/financial-privacy-consumer-prosperity-and-the-public-good/oclc/55942313&referer=brief_results.

David F. Cavers, The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938: Its Legislative History and Its Substantive Provisions, 6 Law & Contemp. Probs. 2 (1939) http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1937&context=lcp.

Ann Cavoukian, Privacy by Design: The 7 Foundational Principles (2012) https://www.iab.org/wp-content/IAB-uploads/2011/03/fred_carter.pdf.

Ann Cavoukian & Malcolm Crompton, Web Seals: A Review of Online Privacy Programs (2000) https://www.ipc.on.ca/images/resources/up-seals.pdf.

Center for Democracy & Technology, Online Banking Privacy: A Slow Confusing Start to Giving Customers Control Over Their Information (2000) http://www.worldcat.org/title/online-banking-privacy-a-slow-confusing-start-to-giving-customers-control-over-their-information/oclc/47982080&referer=brief_results.

Gary Chapman, Protecting Children Online Is Society’s Herculean Mission, L.A. Times, June 24, 1996. http://articles.latimes.com/1996-06-24/business/fi-18095_1_children-online.

William R. Childs, Measures of the Presidents: Hoover to Bush, 21 Presidential Studies Quarterly 385–387 (1991) http://www.worldcat.org/title/measures-of-the-presidents-hoover-to-bush/oclc/24587071&referer=brief_results.

Blake Clark, The Advertising Smoke Screen (1943) http://www.worldcat.org/title/advertising-smoke-screen/oclc/716807&referer=brief_results.

David D. Clark, et al., Tussle in cyberspace: defining tomorrow’s internet, 13 IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 462 (2000) http://david.choffnes.com/classes/cs4700fa14/papers/tussle.pdf.

Kenneth W. Clarkson, Legislative Constraints, in The Federal Trade Commission Since 1970: Economic Regulation and Bureaucratic Behavior (Kenneth W. Clarkson & Timothy J. Muris eds., 1981) http://www.worldcat.org/title/federal-trade-commission-since-1970-economic-regulation-and-bureaucratic-behavior/oclc/7168502&referer=brief_results.

Kenneth W. Clarkson, Executive Constraints, in The Federal Trade Commission Since 1970: Economic Regulation and Bureaucratic Behavior (Kenneth W. Clarkson & Timothy J. Muris eds., 1981) http://www.worldcat.org/title/federal-trade-commission-since-1970-economic-regulation-and-bureaucratic-behavior/oclc/7168502&referer=brief_results.

Kenneth W. Clarkson & Timothy J. Muris, Commission Performance, Incentives, and Behavior, in The Federal Trade Commission Since 1970: Economic Regulation and Bureaucratic Behavior (Kenneth W. Clarkson & Timothy J. Muris eds., 1981) http://www.worldcat.org/title/federal-trade-commission-since-1970-economic-regulation-and-bureaucratic-behavior/oclc/7168502&referer=brief_results.

John Coffee, Speech of the Honorable John M. Coffee, 83 Cong. Rec. Appendix 1002 (1938).

Dorothy Cohen, The Federal Trade Commission and the Regulation of Advertising in the Consumer Interest, 33 J. of Mktg. 40 (1969) http://www.jstor.org/stable/1248744.

Julie E. Cohen, Configuring the Networked Self: Law, Code, and the Play of Everyday Practice (2012) http://www.worldcat.org/title/configuring-the-networked-self-law-code-and-the-play-of-everyday-practice/oclc/711045619&referer=brief_results.

Kristin Cohen & Christina Yeung, Kids’ Apps Disclosures Revisited (2015) https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/blogs/business-blog/2015/09/kids-apps-disclosures-revisited.

Pieter A. Cohen, Hazards of Hindsight – Monitoring the Safety of Nutritional Supplements, 370 N. Eng. J. Med. 1277-1280 (2014) http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1315559.

Stanley E. Cohen, Consumer Safety Net Starting to Unravel, 53 Advertising Age (1982).

David Colker & Joseph Menn, ChoicePoint CEO Had Denied Any Previous Breach of Database, Derek Smith described a recent leak as ‘the first time’ despite an earlier scam case, Los Angeles Times, Mar. 3, 2005. http://articles.latimes.com/2005/mar/03/business/fi-choicepoint3.

Department of Commerce, U.S.–EU Safe Harbor Overview (2013) http://www.export.gov/safeharbor/eu/eg_main_018476.asp.

Hoover (First) Commission, The Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government: The Independent Regulatory Commissions. (1949) http://www.worldcat.org/title/independent-regulatory-commissions-a-report-to-the-congress/oclc/822727449&referer=brief_results.

Hoover (Second) Commission, Commission on the Organization of the Executive Branch of Government, Legal Services and Procedure. (1955) http://www.worldcat.org/title/legal-services-and-procedure-a-report-to-the-congress-by-the-commission-on-organization-of-the-executive-branch-of-the-government-march-1955/oclc/858595267&referer=brief_results.

Chris Connolly, Galexia, Trustmark Schemes Struggle to Protect Privacy (2008) http://www.galexia.com/public/research/assets/trustmarks_struggle_20080926/trustmarks_struggle_public.pdf.

Chris Connolly, The U.S. Safe Harbor – Fact or Fiction? (2008) http://www.galexia.com/public/research/assets/safe_harbor_fact_or_fiction_2008/safe_harbor_fact_or_fiction.pdf.

Chris Connolly, et al., Privacy Self-Regulation in Crisis? – TRU.S.Te’s ‘Deceptive’ Practices, 132 Privacy Laws & Bus. Int’l Rep. (2014) http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2567090.

Consumer Reports Magazine, That Facebook Friend Might Be 10 Years Old, and Other Troubling News, 2011, http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/magazine-archive/2011/june/electronics-computers/state-of-the-net/facebook-concerns/index.htm.

Contact Center Compliance, Contact Center Compliance Announces LitigatorScrub (2015) http://www.dnc.com/contact-center-compliance-announces-litigator-scrub.

European Convention, Article 11 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2010/C 83/02). (2010) http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:12010P.

Lucy Black Creighton, Pretenders to the Throne (1976) http://www.worldcat.org/title/pretenders-to-the-throne-the-consumer-movement-in-the-united-states/oclc/2047885&referer=brief_results.

Barry J. Cutler, The Criminalization of Consumer Protection—A Brave New World for Defense Counsel, 22 Antitrust 61 (Fall 2007) http://www.bakerlaw.com/PublicDocs/News/Articles/Cutler_ABA_Antitrust_11-2007.pdf.

John B. Daish, The Federal Trade Commission Law and Related Acts (1914) http://www.worldcat.org/title/federal-trade-commission-law-and-related-acts/oclc/8599177&referer=brief_results.

Dan Hates Spam, available at http://www.danhatesspam.com/.

Michael J. Daugherty, The Devil Inside the Beltway (2013) http://www.worldcat.org/title/devil-inside-the-beltway-the-shocking-expose-of-the-us-governments-surveillance-and-overreach/oclc/895432891&referer=brief_results.

Department of Commerce, The Emerging Digital Economy (1998) http://www.esa.doc.gov/reports/emerging-digital-economy.

Education Department of Health, and Welfare,, Records, Computers and the Rights of Citizens, Report of the Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data Systems. (1973) http://www.justice.gov/opcl/docs/rec-com-rights.pdf.

Jan Dhont, et al., Safe Harbour Decision Implementation Study,   (2004) http://ec.europa.eu/justice/policies/privacy/docs/studies/safe-harbour-2004_en.pdf.

Joan Didion, Where I was From (2003) http://www.worldcat.org/title/where-i-was-from/oclc/51223569&referer=brief_results.

Direct Marketing Association, Guidelines for Ethical Business Practice (2014) https://thedma.org/wp-content/uploads/DMA-Ethics-Guidelines.pdf.

Pam Dixon & Robert Gellman, World Privacy Forum, The Scoring of America: How Secret Consumer Scores Threaten Your Privacy and Your Future (2014) http://www.worldcat.org/title/scoring-of-america-secret-consumer-scores-threaten-your-privacy-and-your-future/oclc/878517810&referer=brief_results.

Paul Rand Dixon, Statement of Chairman Paul Rand Dixon, 115 Cong. Rec. 1568 (1969) https://industrydocuments.library.ucsf.edu/documentstore/p/g/h/v//pghv0041/pghv0041.pdf.

DoubleClick, How Many Ads are Actually In? New Benchmarks for Viewability (2014) http://doubleclickpublishers.blogspot.com/2014/12/5-factors-of-viewability.html.

Kirstin Downey, Health Scare Leads to New Powers for the FTC, in The Insider’s Guide to the History of the Federal Trade Commission (Kirstin Downey & Lesette Heath eds., 2015) http://www.worldcat.org/title/insiders-guide-to-the-history-of-the-federal-trade-commission-100-years-of-enforcement/oclc/907476690&referer=brief_results.

Kirstin Downey, Robinson–Patman Act Devised to Save Main Street Shops, in The Insider’s Guide to the History of the Federal Trade Commission (Kirstin Downey & Lesette Heath eds., 2015) http://www.worldcat.org/title/insiders-guide-to-the-history-of-the-federal-trade-commission-100-years-of-enforcement/oclc/907476690&referer=brief_results.

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In re Facebook, Inc., FTC File No. 092 3184   (July 27, 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/092-3184/facebook-inc.

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In the Matter of Aaron’s, Inc., FTC File No. 122 3256   (Oct. 22, 2013) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/122-3256/aarons-inc-matter.

In the Matter of American Apparel, Inc., FTC File No. 142 3036   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3036/american-apparel-inc-matter.

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In the Matter of Atlanta Falcons Football Club, LLC, FTC File No. 142 3018   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3018/atlanta-falcons-football-club-llc-matter.

In the Matter of Baker Tilly Virchow Krause, LLP, FTC File No. 1423 019   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3019/baker-tilly-virchow-krause-llp-matter.

In the Matter of Beltone Elecs. Corp., 100 F.T.C. 68 (1982) https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/commission_decision_volumes/volume-100/ftc_volume_decision_100_july_-_december_1982pages_66-226.pdf.

In the Matter of BitTorrent, Inc., FTC File No. 142 3020   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3020/bittorrent-inc-matter.

In the Matter of BJ’s Wholesale Club, Inc., FTC File No. 042 3160 (Sept. 23, 2005) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/042-3160/bjs-wholesale-club-inc-matter.

In the Matter of CardSystems Solutions, Inc., FTC File No. 052 3148 (Feb. 23, 2006) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/052-3148/cardsystems-solutions-inc-solidus-networks-inc-dba-pay-touch.

In the Matter of CBR Systems, Inc., FTC File No. 112 3120   (Jan. 28, 2013) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/112-3120/cbr-systems-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Charles River Laboratories, International, FTC File No. 142 3022   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3022/charles-river-laboratories-intl-matter.

In the Matter of Chitika, Inc., FTC File. No. 102 3087   (Jun. 17, 2011) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/1023087/chitika-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Collectify LLC, FTC File No. 092 3142 (2009) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/092-3142/collectify-ll.

In the Matter of Compete, Inc., FTC File No. 102 3155   (Feb. 25, 2013) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3155/compete-inc.

In the Matter of Credit Karma, Inc, FTC File No 1323091   (Mar. 28, 2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/132-3091/credit-karma-inc.

In the Matter of CVS Caremark Corporation, FTC File No. 072 3119   (Feb. 18, 2009) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/072-3119/cvs-caremark-corporation-matter.

In the Matter of Daniel Chapter One, A Corp., & James Feijo, 2010 WL 387917   (Jan. 25, 2010) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/082-3085/daniel-chapter-one-james-feijo-individually-officer-daniel.

In the Matter of DataMotion, Inc., FTC File No. 142 3023   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3023/datamotion-inc-corporation-matter.

In the Matter of Dave & Buster’s, Inc., FTC File No. 082 3153   (Mar. 25, 2010) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/082-3153/dave-busters-incin-matter.

In the Matter of DDC Laboratories, Inc., FTC File No. 142 3024   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3024/ddc-laboratories-inc-also-dba-dna-diagnostics-center-matter.

In the Matter of DesignerWare, LLC, 155 F.T.C. 421 (2013) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/112-3151/designerware-llc-matter.

In the Matter of Directors Desk LLC, FTC File No. 092 3140 (2009) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/0923140/directors-desk-ll.

In the Matter of DSW Inc., FTC File No. 052 3096 (Dec. 1, 2005) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/052-3096/dsw-incin-matter.

In the Matter of Educational Research Center of America, Inc., FTC File No. 022 3249 (May 9, 2003) https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/cases/2003/01/ercaconsent.htm.

In the Matter of Eli Lilly and Company, FTC File No. 012 3214 (Jan. 18, 2002) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/012-3214/eli-lilly-company-matter.

In the Matter of Epic Marketplace, Inc., and Epic Media Group, LLC, FTC File No. 112 3182   (Mar. 19, 2013) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/112-3182/epic-marketplace-inc.

In the Matter of EPN, Inc., FTC File No. 112 3143   (Oct. 26, 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/112-3143/epn-inc-also-dba-checknet-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Equifax Information Services LLC, FTC File No. 102 3252   (Oct. 10, 2012) https://www.iowaattorneygeneral.gov/media/cms/Equifax_Experian_TransUnion_Iowa_Ag_B96FE1387B199.pdf.

In the Matter of ExpatEdge Partners, LLC, FTC File No. 092 3138 (2009) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/0923138/expatedge-partners-ll.

In the Matter of Facebook, FTC File No. 092 3184   (2011) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/092-3184/facebook-inc.

In the Matter of Facebook, Inc., FTC File No. 092 3184   (July 27, 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/092-3184/facebook-inc.

In the Matter of Fandango, LLC, FTC File No. 1323089   (Mar. 28, 2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/132-3089/fandango-llc.

In the Matter of Fantage.com, Inc., FTC File No. 142 3026   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3026/fantagecom-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Filiquarian Publishing, LLC, Choice Level, LLC and Joshua Linsk, FTC File No. 112 3195   (2013) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/112-3195/filiquarian-publishing-llc-choice-level-llc-joshua-linsk.

In the Matter of Foru International Corporation formerly known as Genewize Life Sciences, Inc., FTC File No. 112 3095   (May 12, 2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/112-3095/forutm-international-corporation-matter.

In the Matter of Franklin’s Budget Car Sales, Inc., FTC File No. 102 3094   (Oct. 26, 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3094/franklins-budget-car-sales-inc-also-dba-franklin-toyotascion.

In the Matter of Gateway Learning Corp., FTC File No. 042 3047 (Sept. 17, 2004) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/042-3047/gateway-learning-corp-matter.

In the Matter of Genica Corporation (d/b/a Computer Geeks Discount Outlet and Geeks.com, FTC File No. 082 3113   (Feb. 5, 2009) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/082-3113/gencia-corporation-compgeekscom-also-dba-computer-geeks.

In the Matter of Geocities, 127 F.T.C. 94 (Feb. 5, 1999).

In the Matter of Goldenshores Technologies LLC & Erik M. Geidl, FTC Docket No. C-4446   (Apr. 9, 2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/132-3087/goldenshores-technologies-llc-erik-m-geidl-matter.

In the Matter of Google, FTC File No. 102 3136   (2011) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3136/google-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Guess?, Inc., FTC File No. 022 3260 (Aug. 5, 2003) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/022-3260/guess-inc-guesscom-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Guidance Software, Inc., FTC File No. 062 3057 (Nov. 16, 2006) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/062-3057/guidance-software-inc-matter.

In the Matter of H&R Block, Inc., 80 F.T.C. 304 (1972).

In the Matter of H&R Block, Inc., 100 F.T.C. 523 (1982).

In the Matter of HTC America Inc., FTC File No. 122 3049   (July 2, 2013) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/122-3049/htc-america-inc-matter.

In the Matter of International Publisher Services, 49 F.T.C. 214 (1952).

In the Matter of Jerk, LLC, FTC File No. 122 3141   (Jan. 12, 2015) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/122-3141/jerk-llc-dba-jerkcom-matter.

In the Matter of JS&A Group, 111 F.T.C. 522 (1989) https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/commission_decision_volumes/volume-111/ftc_volume_decision_111__july_1988-_june_1989pages_522_-_620.pdf.

In the Matter of Level 3 Communications, FTC File No. 142 3028   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3028/level-3-communications-llc-matter.

In the Matter of Liberty Fin. Companies, Inc., 128 F.T.C. 240 (1999) https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/commission_decision_volumes/volume-128/ftc_volume_decision_128__july_-_december_1999_pages_233-379.pdf.

In the Matter of Life is good, Inc., FTC File No. 072 3046 (Jan. 17, 2008) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/072-3046/life-good-inc-life-good-retail-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Lookout Services, Inc., FTC File No. 102 3076   (May 3, 2011) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3076/lookout-services-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Metromedia, Inc., 78 F.T.C. 331 (1971).

In the Matter of Microsoft Corp., FTC File No. 012 3240 (Aug. 8, 2002) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/012-3240/microsoft-corporation-matter.

In the Matter of MTS, Inc., doing business as Tower Records/Books/Video, FTC File No. 032 3209 (Jun. 2, 2004) https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/cases/2004/04/040421comp0323209.pdf.

In the Matter of MySpace LLC, FTC File No. 102 3058 (Sept. 11, 2002) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3058/myspace-llc-matter.

In the Matter of Nations Title Agency, Inc., Nations Holding Company, and Christopher M. Likens, FTC File No. 052 3117 (May 10, 2006) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/052-3117/nations-title-agency-inc-nations-holding-company-christopher.

In the Matter of Nationwide Mortgage Group, Inc., and John D. Eubank, FTC File No. 042–3104 (Nov. 9, 2004) https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/cases/2005/03/041116cmp0423104.pdf.

In the Matter of Nomi Technologies, Inc., FTC File No. 132 3251   (Apr. 23, 2015) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/132-3251/nomi-technologies-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Novartis Corp., et al., 127 F.T.C. 580 (1999).

In the Matter of Onyx Graphics, Inc., FTC File No. 092 3139 (2009) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/0923139/onyx-graphics-inc.

In the Matter of PDB Sports, Ltd., FTC File No. 142 3025   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3025/pdb-sports-ltd-dba-denver-broncos-football-club-matter.

In the Matter of Petco Animal Supplies, Inc., FTC File No. 032 3221 (Nov. 8, 2004) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/032-3221/petco-animal-supplies-inc-th-matter.

In the Matter of Premier Capital Lending, Inc., FTC File No. 072 3004 (Nov. 6, 2008) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/0723004/premier-capital-lending-inc-et-al-matter.

In the Matter of Progressive Gaitways LLC, FTC File No. 092 3141 (2009) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/0923141/progressive-gaitways-ll.

In the Matter of Reed Elsevier Inc. and Seisint, Inc., FTC File No. 0523094 (Mar. 27, 2008) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/052-3094/reed-elsevier-inc-seisint-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Reynolds Consumer Products, Inc., FTC File No. 142 3030   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3030/reynolds-consumer-products-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Rite Aid Corporation, FTC File No. 072 3121 (Jul. 27, 2010) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/072-3121/rite-aid-corporation-matter.

In the Matter of ScanScout, Inc., FTC Docket No. C-4344   (Dec. 21, 2011) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3185/scanscout-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Sears Holdings Management Corporation, FTC File No. 082 3099   (Sept. 9, 2009) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/082-3099/sears-holdings-management-corporation-corporation-matter.

In the Matter of Sony BMG Music Entertainment, FTC File No. 062 3019 (Jun. 29, 2007).

In the Matter of Sunbelt Lending Services, Inc., FTC File No. 042 3153 (Nov. 16, 2004) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/042-3153/sunbelt-lending-services-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Superior Mortgage Corp., FTC File No. 052 3136 (Sept. 28, 2005) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/052-3136/superior-mortgage-corp-matter.

In the Matter of Tax Corp. of Am. (Maryland), et al., 85 F.T.C. 512 (1975).

In the Matter of Tennes Football, Inc., FTC File No. 142 3032   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3032/tennessee-football-inc-matter.

In the Matter of The May Department Stores Company, 122 F.T.C. 1 (1996) https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents/commission_decision_volumes/volume-122/vol122pg1-109.pdf.

In the Matter of the Oakes Company, 3 F.T.C. 36 (1920).

In the Matter of The Receivable Management Services Corporation, FTC File No. 142 3031   (2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/142-3031/receivable-management-services-corporation-matter.

In The Matter of The TJX Companies, Inc., FTC File No. 072 3055 (Mar. 27, 2008) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/072-3055/tjx-companies-inc-matter.

In the Matter of Touch Tone Information, Inc., File No. 982 3619 (1999) https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/cases/1999/04/ftc.gov-touchtoneswindlestatement.htm.

In the Matter of Trans Union Corp., 116 F.T.C. 1334 (1993).

In the Matter of TRENDnet, Inc., FTC File No. 122 3090   (Jan. 16, 2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/122-3090/trendnet-inc-matter.

In the Matter of True Ultimate Standards Everywhere, Inc., a corporation, doing business as TRU.S.Te, Inc., FTC File No. 132 3219   (Nov. 17, 2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/132-3219/true-ultimate-standards-everywhere-inc-truste-matter.

In the Matter of Twitter, Inc., FTC File No. 092 3093   (Jun. 24, 2010) https://www.ftc.gov/policy/public-comments/initiative-343.

In the Matter of Upromise, Inc., FTC File No. 102 3116   (Apr. 3, 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3116/upromise-inc.

In the Matter of Vision I Properties, LLC, FTC File No. 042 3068 (Apr. 26, 2005) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/042-3068/vision-i-properties-llc-et-al-matter.

In the Matter of Watershed Development Corporation D/B/A Watershed and Aaron’s Sales & Lease Ownership, 155 F.T.C. 639 (2013) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/112-3151/watershed-development-corp-matter.

In the Matter of World Innovators, Inc., FTC File No. 092 3137   https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/0923137/world-innovators-inc-matter.

Indiana Quartered Oak Co. v. FTC, 26 F.2d 340 (2d Cir. 1928) http://law.justia.com/cases/federal/appellate-courts/F2/26/340/1471419/.

Ippolito v. WNS, Inc., 864 F.2d 440 (7th Cir. 1988) http://openjurist.org/864/f2d/440/ippolito-v-wns.

B. Williams Co. v. FTC, 381 F.2d 884 (6th Cir. 1967) http://openjurist.org/381/f2d/884/williams-company-v-federal-trade-commission.

Johnson Products Co. v. FTC, 549 F.2d 35 (7th Cir. 1977) http://openjurist.org/549/f2d/35/johnson-products-company-v-federal-trade-commission.

Kirchner v. FTC, 337 F.2d 751 (9th Cir. 1964) http://openjurist.org/337/f2d/751/kirchner-v-federal-trade-commission.

LaPeyre v. FTC, 366 F.2d 117 (5th Cir. 1966) http://openjurist.org/366/f2d/117/emile-m-lapeyre-et-al-v-federal-trade-commission.

Lester Rothschild, Trading As Gen-O-Pak Co., 49 F.T.C. 1673 (1952).

Mainstream Mktg. Servs., Inc. v. FTC, 358 F.3d 1228 (10th Cir. 2004).

Moser v. F.C.C., 46 F.3d 970 (9th Cir. 1995) http://openjurist.org/46/f3d/970.

Nader v. Gen. Motors Corp., 25 N.Y.2d 560 (1970) http://www.4lawschool.com/torts/nader.shtml.

Nat’l Cable & Telecommunications Ass’n v. F.C.C., 555 F.3d 996 (D.C. Cir. 2009).

Nat’l Harness Mfrs.’ Ass’n v. FTC, 268 F. 705 (6th Cir. 1920).

Nat’l Petroleum Refiners Ass’n v. FTC, 482 F.2d 672 (D.C. Cir. 1973) https://casetext.com/case/national-petroleum-refiners-assn-v-f-t-c.

Newcomb v. Cambridge Home Loans, Inc., 861 F. Supp. 2d 1153 (D. Haw. 2012) https://casetext.com/case/newcomb-v-cambridge-home-loans-inc.

Ostler Candy Co v. FTC, 106 F.2d 962 (10th Cir. 1939) http://law.justia.com/cases/federal/appellate-courts/F2/106/962/1494398/.

P.F. Collier & Son Corp. v. FTC, 427 F.2d 261 (6th Cir.) http://openjurist.org/427/f2d/261/collier-son-corporation-v-federal-trade-commission.

The Philosophy of Technology: The Technological Condition, (Robert C. Scharff & Val Dusek eds. 2003) http://www.worldcat.org/title/philosophy-of-technology-the-technological-condition-an-anthology/oclc/48223496&referer=brief_results.

Pineda v. Williams-Sonoma Stores, Inc., 246 P.3d 612 (SCT Ca. 2011).

POM Wonderful, LLC v. FTC, 777 F.3d 478 (D.C. Cir. 2015) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/pom-wonderful-llc-et-al.

Privacy Online, Perspectives on Privacy and Self-Disclosure in the Social Web, (Trepte, et al. eds. 2011) http://www.worldcat.org/title/privacy-online-perspectives-on-privacy-and-self-disclosure-in-the-social-web/oclc/768420736&referer=brief_results.

Resort Car Rental System, Inc. v. FTC, 518 F.2d 962 (9th Cir. 1975) http://openjurist.org/518/f2d/962/resort-car-rental-system-inc-v-federal-trade-commission.

Richard Fresco v. Automotive Directions Inc, et al., 03 No. 03-CIV-61063 61063 (S.D. Fla. 2009) http://www.devinegoodman.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Westlaw_Document_13_27_53.pdf.

Rothschild v. FTC, 200 F.2d 39 (7th Cir. 1952).

S.E.C. v. Apuzzo, 689 F.3d 204 (2d Cir. 2012) http://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-2nd-circuit/1608342.html.

Shibley v. Time, Inc, 341 N.E.2d 337 (Ohio Ct. App.).

Spiegel, Inc. v. FTC, 494 F.2d 59 (7th Cir.) http://openjurist.org/494/f2d/59/spiegel-inc-v-federal-trade-commission.

Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, 135 S. Ct. 1892 (U.S. 2015) http://www.scotusblog.com/case-files/cases/spokeo-inc-v-robins/.

St. Regis Paper Co. v. U.S., 368 U.S. 208 (1961) https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/368/208/.

Sullivan v. Credit Control Servs., Inc., 745 F. Supp. 2d 2 (D. Mass. 2010) https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/2473119/sullivan-v-credit-control-services-inc/.

Telebrands Corp. v. FTC, 457 F.3d 354 (4th Cir. 2006) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/d-9313/telebrands-corp.

Ting v. AT&T, 192 F. Supp. 2d 902 (2002).

Trans Union LLC v. FTC, 295 F.3d 42 (D.C. Cir. 2002) http://openjurist.org/295/f3d/42/trans-union-llc-v-federal-trade-commission.

Trans World Accounts, Inc. v. FTC, 594 F.2d 212 (9th Cir. 1979) http://openjurist.org/594/f2d/212/trans-world-accounts-inc-v-federal-trade-commission.

U.S. v Trans Union LLC, No. 00-C-0235 (ND II 2000) http://www.ftc.gov/os/caselist/00c0235.shtm.

U.S. v. Allied Interstate, Inc., 0:10-cv-04295-PJS   (D. Minn. 2010) https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/cases/2010/10/101021alliedinterstatecmpt.pdf.

U.S. v. American Pop Corn Company, No. C02-4008DEO (N.D. Iowa 2002) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/012-3026/american-pop-corn-company.

U.S. v. American United Mortgage Company, No. 07C 7064 (N.D. II 2007) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/062-3103/american-united-mortgage-company-united-states-america-ftc.

U.S. v. Artist Arena, LLC, 112-cv-07386-JGK   (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 4, 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/112-3167/artist-arena-llc-united-states-america-federal-trade.

U.S. v. Asset Acceptance, LLC, 812-cv-182-T-27EAJ   (M.D. Fl. 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/052-3133/asset-acceptance-llc.

U.S. v. Bigmailbox.com, No. 01–605-A (E.d. Va. 2001).

U.S. v. Bonzi Software, Inc., CV-04–1048 RJK (C.D. Cal. 2004).

U.S. v. Cent. Adjustment Bureau, Inc., 667 F. Supp. 370 (N.D. Tex. 1986) http://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/FSupp/667/370/2158636/.

U.S. v. ChoicePoint Inc., No. 1:06-cv-00198-GET (N.D. Ga. 2006).

U.S. v. DC Credit Services, Inc., and David Cohen, No. 02–5115 MMM (C.D. Cal. 2002) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/992-3086/dc-credit-services-inc-david-cohen-us-ftc.

U.S. v. Direct Lending Source, Inc., et al., 12-CV-2441-DMS-BLM   (S.D. Ca. Oct. 10, 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3000/direct-lending-source-inc-et-al.

U.S. v. Equifax Credit Information Services, Inc., No. 1:00-CV-0087 (N.D. Ga. 2000) http://www.ftc.gov/os/caselist/9923016.shtm.

U.S. v. Experian Information Solutions, Inc., No. 3-00CV0056-L (N.D. Tx. 2000) http://www.ftc.gov/os/caselist/ca300cv0056l.shtm.

U.S. v. Expert Global Solutions, Inc., 3–13 CV 2611-M   (N.D. Tex. 2013) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/1023201/expert-global-solutions-inc-nco-group-inc.

U.S. v. Google, Inc., 512-cv-04177-HRL   (N.D. Cal. Nov. 12, 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/google-inc.

U.S. v. Hammad Akbar, 1:14-cr-276   (E.D. Va. 2014) http://www.wired.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Akbar_indictment.pdf.

U.S. v. Hershey Foods Corporation, No. 4CV-03–350 (M.D. Pa. 2003) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/hershey-foods-corporation-us-ftc.

U.S. v. Iconix Brand Group, Inc., 09-CIV-8864   (S.D.N.Y. 2009) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/united-states-federal-trade-commission-plaintiff-v-iconix-brand-group.

U.S. v. Industrious Kid, Inc., No. CV-08–0639 (N.D. Cal. 2008) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/072-3082/industrious-kid-inc-jeanette-symons-us-ftc.

U.S. v. Jones O. Godwin, doing business as skidekids.com, 1:11-CV-3846 (JOF)   (N.D. Ga. 2011) http://www.leagle.com/decision/In FDCO 20111110I05/browsedecisions.

U.S. v. Lisa Frank, Inc., No. 01–1516-A (E.D. Va. 2001) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/012-3050/frank-lisa-inc-us.

U.S. v. Looksmart Ltd., No. 01–606-A (E.d. Va. 2001).

U.S. v. Monarch Services, Inc., et al., No. AMD 01 CV 1165 (D. Md. 2001).

U.S. v. Mrs. Fields Famous Brands, Inc., No. 203 CV205 JTG (D. Utah 2003) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/mrs-fields-famous-brands-inc-mrs-fields-holding-company-inc-mrs-fields.

U.S. v. Ohio Art Company, FTC File No. 022–3028 (N.D. Ohio 2002).

U.S. v. Path, Inc., No. C-13–0448   (N.D. Cal. Jan. 31, 2013) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/122-3158/path-inc.

U.S. v. Paul, 274 F.3d 155 (5th Cir. 2001) http://openjurist.org/274/f3d/155/united-states-of-america-v-ronald-scott-paul.

U.S. v. Performance Capital Management, Inc., FTC File No. 982 3542 (C.D. Cal. 2000) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/982-3542/performance-capital-management-inc.

U.S. v. Playdom, Inc., SACV11-00724   (C.D. Ca. 2011) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/1023036/playdom-inc.

U.S. v. PLS Financial Services, Inc., PLS Group, Inc., and The Payday Loan Store of Illinois, Inc., 112-cv-08334   (N.D. II 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/1023172/pls-financial-services-inc-et-al.

U.S. v. Rental Research Services, Inc., 0:09-cv-00524   (D. Minn. 2009).

U.S. v. RockYou, Inc., 312-cv-01487-SI   (N.D. Cal. 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/1023120/rockyou-inc.

U.S. v. Sony BMG Music Entertainment, No. 08 CV 10730 (LAK) (2008) https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/cases/2008/12/081211consentp0823071.pdf.

U.S. v. Spokeo, Inc., CV12-05001   (C.D. Cal. 2012) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/1023163/spokeo-inc.

U.S. v. Teletrack, Inc., 111-CV-2060   (N.D. Ga. 2011) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3075/teletrack-inc.

U.S. v. TinyCo., Inc., 3:14-cv-04164   (N.D. Cal. 2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/132-3209/tinyco-inc.

U.S. v. UMG Recordings, Inc., CV-04–1050 JFW (C.D. Cal. 2004) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/umg-recordings-inc-corporation-us.

U.S. v. ValueClick et al., No. CV08-0171 (C.D. Ca. Mar. 17, 2008).

U.S. v. ValueClick, Inc., Hi-Speed Media, Inc., and E-Babylon, Inc., No. CV08-01711MMM (RZx) (C.D. Cal. 2008) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/072-3111-072-3158/valueclick-inc-hi-speed-media-inc-e-babylon-inc-us.

U.S. v. W3 Innovations, LLC, CV-11–03958-PSG   (N.D. Cal. 2011) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3251/w3-innovations-llc-dba-broken-thumb-apps-justin-maples-us.

U.S. v. Whitewing Financial Group, Inc., No. 4:06–2102 (S.D. Tex. 2006).

U.S. v. Xanga.com, Inc., No. 06-CIV-6853(SHS) (S.D.N.Y. 2006) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/062-3073/xangacom-inc-john-hiler-marc-ginsburg-united-states-america.

U.S. v. Yelp Inc., 3:14-cv-04163   (N.D. Cal. 2014) https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/132-3066/yelp-inc.

United States v. Johnson, 541 F.2d 710 (8th Cir. 1976) http://openjurist.org/541/f2d/710.

United States v. JS & A Grp., Inc., 716 F.2d 451 (7th Cir. 1983) http://openjurist.org/716/f2d/451.

United States v. Kilbride, 584 F.3d 1240 (9th Cir. 2009) http://www.nyls.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/141/2013/08/584-F.3d-1240-US-v.-Kilbride.pdf.

United States v. Reader’s Digest Ass’n, Inc., 662 F.2d 955 (3d Cir. 1981) http://openjurist.org/662/f2d/955.

United States v. Twombly, 475 F. Supp. 2d 1019 (S.D. Cal. 2007).

Waltham Watch Co. v. FTC, 318 F.2d 28 (7th Cir. 1963) http://openjurist.org/318/f2d/28/waltham-watch-company-v-federal-trade-commission.

Warner Lambert Co. v. FTC, 562 F.2d 749 (D.C. Cir. 1977) http://openjurist.org/562/f2d/749.

Wolfe v. MBNA America Bank, 485 F. Supp.2d 874 (2007) http://www.leagle.com/decision/20071359485FSupp2d874_11268.xml/WOLFE v. MBNA AMERICA BANK.