A sample of “condemned” business practices the Agency identified in its 1920 annual report include:
- Adulteration of commodities, misrepresenting them as pure or selling them under such names and circumstances that the purchaser would be misled into believing them to be pure.
- Procuring the business or trade secrets of competitors by espionage, by bribing their employees, or by similar means.
- Procuring breach of competitors’ contracts for the sale of products by misrepresentation or by other means.
- Inducing employees of competitors to violate their contracts or enticing away employees of competitors in such numbers or under such circumstances as to hamper or embarrass them in business.
- Making false or disparaging statements respecting competitors’ products, their business, financial credit, etc.
- Making vague and indefinite threats of patent infringement suits against the trade generally.
- False claims to patents or misrepresenting the scope of patents.
- Intimidation for the purpose of accomplishing enforced dealing by falsely charging disloyalty to the Government.
- Tampering with and misadjusting the machines sold by competitors for the purpose of discrediting them with purchaser.
- Unauthorized appropriation of the results of a competitor’s ingenuity, labor and expense, thereby avoiding costs otherwise necessarily involved in production.
- Preventing competitors from procuring advertising space in newspapers or other periodicals by misrepresenting their standings or other misrepresentation calculated to prejudice advertising hated to prejudice advertising mediums against them.
- Harassing competitors by fake requests for estimates on bills of goods, for catalogues, etc.
- Sales of goods at cost, coupled with statements misleading the public into the belief that they are sold at a profit.
- Any and all schemes for compelling wholesalers and retailers to maintain resale prices on products fixed by the manufacturer.
- Combinations of competitors to enhance prices, maintain prices, bring about substantial uniformity in prices, or to divide territory or business.
 FTC, Annual Report 1920, Sept. 16, 1920; see also Gilbert Holland Montague, Unfair Methods of Competition, 25(1) The Yale Law Journal 20 (1915); FTC, Memorandum on Unfair Competition at the Common Law (1916).